# OPTpsider

OPTpsider computes derivative of psi function (second derivative of rho function) for optimal weight function

## Syntax

• psider=OPTpsider(u,c)example

## Description

 psider =OPTpsider(u, c) Plot of derivative of psi function.

## Examples

expand all

### Plot of derivative of psi function.

x=-6:0.01:6;
psiOPTder=OPTpsider(x,1.2);
plot(x,psiOPTder)
xlabel('x','Interpreter','Latex')
ylabel('$\psi''(x)$','Interpreter','Latex')
title('Optimal')

## Input Arguments

### u — scaled residuals or Mahalanobis distances. Vector.

n x 1 vector containing residuals or Mahalanobis distances for the n units of the sample

Data Types: single| double

### c — tuning parameters. Scalar.

Scalar greater than 0 which controls the robustness/efficiency of the estimator (beta in regression or mu in the location case ...)

Data Types: single| double

## Output Arguments

### psider —Values of the derivative of the optimal psi function associated to the residuals or Mahalanobis distances for the n units of the sample. n -by- 1 vector

Function OPTpsider transforms vector x as follows $OPTpsider(u,c) = \left\{ \begin{array}{cc} (1/3.25*c^2) & |u| \leq 2c \\ (1/3.25) \left( -1.944 \frac{1}{c^2} + 1.728 \frac{3u^2}{c^4} - 0.312 \frac{5u^4}{c^6} + 0.016 \frac{7u^6}{c^8} \right) & \qquad 2c \leq |u| \leq 3c \\ 0 & |u|>3c \\ \end{array} \right.$